Clement VII

   1) (1478–1534)
   Pope.
   Clement VII was born Giulio de’ Medici and he was a cousin of Pope Leo x. He was appointed Archbishop of Florence and made a Cardinal in 1513 and he was highly influential during his cousin’s Pontificate. In 1523 he himself was elected Pope. He was faced with the problem of Martin luther’s teachings spreading through Germany and King Henry VIII of England’s desire for a divorce from his wife Catherine of Aragon. Under these difficult circumstances he vacillated between supporting the policies of Francis I of France and those of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles v. In 1527 he was actually taken by the Emperor’s troops and held in captivity. Clement VII is primarily remembered for his cultural activities; he was the patron of Cellini, Michelangelo and Raphael.
   H.M. Vaughan, The Medici Popes, Leo X and Clement VII (1908).
   2) (d. 1394)
   Antipope.
   Clement was born Robert of Geneva. He was consecrated Archbishop of Cambrai in 1368 and was elected Pope by the French Cardinals in 1378. While Urban VI had been elected in Rome and had the support of the Holy Roman Empire, England, Hungary, much of Italy and Scandinavia, Clement VII had his headquarters in Avignon and was supported by France, Naples, Savoy, Scotland, Spain and Sicily. The Great Western Schism, as this regrettable episode was known, lasted until 1417.
   J.H. Smith, The Great Schism 1378 (1970).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clement VII —     Pope Clement VII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Clement VII     (GIULIO DE’ MEDICI).     Born 1478; died 25 September, 1534. Giulio de Medici was born a few months after the death of his father, Giuliano, who was slain at Florence in the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CLÉMENT VII — CLÉMENT VII, JULES DE MÉDICIS (1478 1534) pape (1523 1534) Né à Florence, Jules de Médicis dut à la faveur de son cousin germain, Léon X, d’être archevêque de Florence et cardinal dès 1513; huit autres sièges (ou revenus) épiscopaux lui furent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Clement VII — Clément VII (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Clément VII désigne : Jules de Médicis, un pape de l Église catholique. Robert de Genève, un antipape de l Église catholique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clement VII — (Giulio de Medici) 1478 1534, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1523 34 (nephew of Lorenzo de Medici). * * * orig. Giulio de Medici born May 26, 1478, Florence died Sept. 25, 1534, Rome Pope (1523–34). The illegitimate son of Giuliano de Medici (see… …   Universalium

  • Clement (VII) — ▪ antipope original name  Robert of Geneva , French  Robert de Genève  born 1342, Geneva [Switzerland] died Sept. 16, 1394, Avignon, Provence [France]       first antipope (1378–94) of the Western (Western Schism) (Great) Schism that troubled the …   Universalium

  • Clement VII — (Giulio de Medici; r. 1523 1534)    Clement VII was the illegitimate son of Giuliano de Medici, who was killed in the Pazzi Conspiracy. In 1513, he was appointed archbishop of Florence and cardinal by his cousin, Pope Leo X, who, in 1517, also… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Clément VII —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Clément VII désigne : Jules de Médicis, un pape de l Église catholique. Robert de Genève, un antipape de l Église catholique. Catégorie : Homonymie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clement VII — noun Italian pope from 1523 to 1534 who broke with Henry VIII of England after Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon and married Anne Boleyn (1478 1534) • Syn: ↑Giulio de Medici • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope, ↑Roman Catholic Pope …   Useful english dictionary

  • Clement VII (antipape) — Clément VII (antipape)  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Clément VII.  Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robert de Genève …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clement VII (pape) — Clément VII (pape)  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Clément VII.  Clément VII Pape de l’Église catholique romaine …   Wikipédia en Français

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